Allergies are a common disease that happened to many people and may impact the quality of life without proper treatment. Allergies occur when the immune system overdrive by producing histamine and other immunologic response to ward off foreign materials known as allergens such as mold, latex, dander, dust mites, pet fur, fumes, smoke, chemical, grass, and others. There are different types of allergies such as allergic asthma, allergies rhinitis, and food allergies which can be seasonal or year-round. Allergies are inherited diseases that are passed to the offspring by parents and may stay with you for the rest of your lives. Therefore, you may need to know what are you allergic to so you may take precautionary action to avoid them.
Soalan that always been asked by our medical team if allergies can be cured and how to reduce the allergies symptoms. There are many ways to reduce the symptoms of allergies depending on the severity which may range from mild to severe. The question also may arise is what is the association between allergies and shortness of breath?
Allergies that cause shortness of breath
Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition whereby the patients often experience breathing difficulties when they are exposed to trigger factors and most prominent to get shortness of breath but the condition varies from one person to another person. During an asthma attack, the wall of the capillary inside the alveoli becomes inflamed and the excessive build-up of mucous inside the capillary makes them difficult to breathe due to the narrow airways to passage into the trachea. They started to produce symptoms such as chest tightness, coughing or wheezing due to the limited amount of oxygen entering the red blood cells. People with allergies rhinitis also have the same chance to get severe allergies such as shortness of breath along with the other common symptoms for example runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, stuffy nose, swelling inside the nasal, or irritations but the chances are lesser than people with asthma.
How do you prevent symptoms of allergies?
Most allergy symptoms can get better when we are able to identify the causes of allergies. The patients must know what allergen makes the symptoms worst and try to avoid it at all costs. The doctor can only prescribe you the medications to alleviate the symptoms but you need to identify the factors and report your finding to them so the doctor can prescribe you accurate medications. If you are unsure of your allergies, you can go to the private hospital and request for prick test to identify the allergens up to 100 different types of tests are available.
Shortness of breath is a severe allergic symptom developed from dangerous allergen which mostly comes from the environment. The external aggressors can make it worst and may cause other serious complications such as anaphylaxis which is life-threatening. It is important to be wary by avoiding outdoor activities during pollution, monitoring your surroundings by making sure you always clean and vacuum your house, and frequently change your bedsheet to prevent the accumulation of dust and molds that can obstruct your respiratory airways.
How medication can treat it?
People with allergies are prescribed with allergy medicine by doctors such as decongestants and antihistamines. Most of these medicines may contain steroids. For some allergies, you may need immunotherapy treatment. There is no cure for allergic asthma but it can be reduced by proper medications and by avoiding triggers. However, home management therapy such as observing your diet, acupuncture, mindfulness, or using an air purifier may be helpful to improve the airflow complementary to your medications.