Mold is basically a category of fungus that is present virtually everywhere and this includes the air we breathe in. Generally, typical quantities of mold in the atmosphere do not pose a considerable health risk to healthy individuals who have usual immune system function.
Nevertheless, there are some individuals who may be more susceptible to mold spores than others. These vulnerable individuals could develop respiratory symptoms if they even inhale a small quantity of spores. In huge quantities, almost anyone can be impacted by mold spores, leading to ill health. As such, individuals should get rid of any mold growth found in the home and steps should be taken to prevent the mold from growing back.
For the majority of individuals who have healthy immune systems, molds will not be a problem. However, individuals who have compromised immune systems, such as organ transplant patients, individuals with uncontrolled HIV or those undergoing cancer treatment, risk being seriously impacted by fungal infections.
Diagnosing Mold Allergy
A mold allergy can be diagnosed by physician based on symptoms being exhibited by an individual as well as their family and medical histories. Included among tests they may carry out are:
• Blood Tests
These are used to measure the response of the immune system to mold. They are used to check for allergic reactions to particular varieties of mold. To identify a systemic fungal infection in an individual who has a compromised immune system, a physician could take a blood sample. In certain cases, additionally testing may be required.
• Skin Prick Test
This type of test will be used to check for reactions to common allergens
Exposure to Mold Treatment
Treatment for exposure to mold is comparable to the treatment of other categories of inhaled allergies. Included among the options are:
• Avoiding allergens as best as possible
• Using a nasal rinse for the purpose of flushing out mold spores from the nose
• Using a decongestant nasal spray as a short-term treatment for congestion
• Using antihistamines to prevent a runny nose, itchiness and sneezing
• Using oral decongestants to lessen congestion
• Using nasal corticosteroids as an inflammation reducer
As a long-term solution, immunotherapy may be recommended by a doctor. The procedure involves getting a string of allergy injections over a few years. This type of treatment can be highly effective; however, it is only appropriate for specific kinds of mold allergy.
It seems that many kinds of indoor mold could cause health issues in certain individuals but not everyone is susceptible. However, long-term exposure to mold in a building could be unhealthy for anyone. Individuals who are most at risk of suffering the symptoms of mold exposure include:
• Older adults
• Infants and children
• Individuals with compromised immune systems
• Individuals with asthma or allergies
The primary health concerns appear to relate to irritation and allergies, which typically result in respiratory symptoms. Individuals with compromised immune systems could have a risk of fungal infection as well.